The Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in Japan was severely damaged in the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Its core reactors spewed out radioactive waste that entered the sea, the cooling system shutdown and the Japanese people faced a major ordeal which could not be exaggerated as everyone within a 30 kilometer radius was evacuated. The power plant was subsequently shut down. To avoid more disasters like this, a group of researchers at MIT have a possible solution, place the plant out at sea.
Jacopo Buongiorno, Professor of nuclear science and engineering at MIT has proposed that the next plant to be built could be placed far away from the shore like several oil rigs are to keep it safe from disasters like 2011.
He proposes that the ocean will act as an “infinite heat sink” for seismic waves and tsunami waves by damping their effects as well as acting as a natural coolant to avoid meltdowns in reactors that happened in 2011. An underwater cable would transmit the energy back to the city and living quarters of the engineers could be placed on top of the plant. The plant would be built on shore and towed to its destination by ship miles of f the coast.
This is not the first time such an idea has been proposed, believe it or not. The MH-1A in the Panama Canal was the first and generated power from 1968 to 1975. Also, the Russians are building such a plant as we speak but they’re placing it right next to the shore so the MIT plant has some much needed advantages for Japan compared to the Russian plant.